The Science of Bridges – Stunning Successes and Fantastic Failures of Spanning Structure is nearly out the door to my editor at Springer!
Cantilever bridges are subject to the two basic forces that are in effect for all bridges. These forces are compression and tension. In a cantilever bridge, with the space between the cantilevered portion spanned by a suspended deck, the compression and tension are straightforward. As you can see in this diagram above, from Merriam-Webster, a […]
There are four main types of bridges. The cantilever bridge is one type. It gets its name because it is built using cantilevers – horizontal structures that are supported on only one end. (Think diving board.) With a cantilever bridge, there is a structure that supports one end of the deck. This deck structure can […]
Beam bridges are subject to the two basic forces that are in effect for all bridges. These forces are compression and tension. These forces are at work in a beam bridge in an arguably more direct manner than in other bridges. With a beam bridge, with its single deck, the deck itself is subject to […]
One of the four main types of bridges is the suspension bridge. These bridges are generally long and somewhat imposing. The towers that are essential to the structural integrity of these bridges loom large. They make these spanning structures hard to miss. The towers are not just for effect. They are the support for the […]
The capability to magnify objects by a factor of up to one million was made possible with the invention of the first transmission electron microscope (TEM) by German scientists Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll in 1931.With the TEM, it was finally possible to view things at the molecular level. Studies were made of the proteins that make up the human body. Metals were also studied. The TEM made all of this possible by focusing a beam of electrons to pass through an object, rather than by focusing light on the object as was done with traditional microscopes. Particles smaller than 200 nm were able to be viewed.
You can tell a lot about an element from its position on the Periodic Table. In fact, the periodic table is designed to make information about the chemical properties of an element readily available. So all you need is the periodic table. Right? Not exactly. The periodic table tells you all about an element at the conventional scale. When you’re looking at an element at the nanoscale, things can change.
Modeling Ships and Space Craft: The Science and Art of Mastering the Oceans and Sky begins with the theories of Aristotle and Archimedes, moving on to examine the work of Froude and Taylor, the early aviators and the Wright Brothers, Goddard and the other rocket men, and the computational fluid dynamic models of our time. It examines the ways each used fluid dynamic principles in the design of their vessels.